Yemen Information

 

 

1. Location and Size

The Republic of Yemen is located on the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula, between latitudes 12 -20 north of the equator, and longitudes 14-54 east of Greenwich. The total area is 555,000 sq.ktn excluding. Ar-rub-al-khali (the Empty Quarter). The Red Sea to the west and the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south make up a 2000km long coastline. Across the Bab al Mandab Strait, Djibouti is the nearest African country and Oman is the neighbour to the east., Saudi Arabia borders Yemen from the north.

2. Physical features

The landscape changes dramatically as one moves eastward from the shores of the Red Sea and northward from the Gulf of Aden to the great desert. Five distinct geographical areas with climatic zones ranging from tropical to moderate can be distinguished.

  • Coastal Area
    Called the Tihama, or “hot land” is a desert-like plain 30 to 40 k.m.. wide. Quite fertile when irrigated, dates and cotton grow well here. Reefs protect the coastline and there are many beautiful beaches. A tourist infrastructure, however, has yet to be developed. The most popular are near Khawkha and on the Aden peninsula. The length of the coastal regions is about 2,000 km.
     

  • Western Mountains
    These are the most spectacular feature of south Arabia. Rising steeply to 2000m, they are lined with tens of thousands of intricately-fashioned terrace fields. The terraces are part of an age-old yet highly sophisticated system of water and soil management that enabled an agriculture-based society to flourish in an otherwise hostile environment. Deep wadis (valleys) divide the mountains and discharge the monsoon torrents into the sea. Many wadis are lush with papaya, mango and banana groves. The western slopes are the natural habitat of coffee: a crop that started its world career in Yemen, during the 16th century. The terraces are used also to cultivate sorghum, wheat, barley and corn.
     

  • Central Highlands
    The Central highlands and their large basins, in one of which the capital Sana’a is located at an altitude of 2350 m. boats the highest mountain on the Arabia peninsula. Nabi Shu’aib (3650 m). During the summer grapes, grain and vegetables grow and fruits are grown and large-scale agriculture is practiced.
     

  • Eastern Mountains
    Ranging from 1100m to 2300m, the eastern mountains are barren and rugged and agriculture is carried out mainly in the wadis. Yemen’s ancient civilization developed and flourished here at the edge of the desert. The seasonal rain water was dammed with remarkable technical skill and year-around irrigation systems were developed.
     

  • Ar-mb A1-Kliali (the Empty Quarter)
    The Empty Quarter forms part of the desert regions of Yemen. The commonest desert vegetation includes needle plants, such as Kuthib, Zeiza, Mawrer, etc. The seasonal wadis (Oasis) constitute a suitable habitat for animal-rearing and nomadic settlement. Through various historical periods, Ar-Rub Al-Khali was given a number of names, namely Al-Regrag sea, Al Safi Sea, Great Yemeni Desert, Ahkaf desert.

3. Yemeni Islands

There are more than 115 islands in Yemen with distinct climatic and natural characteristics. Among those located in the Red Sea, Kamaran is the biggest, and Mayoon island, in the Bab al-Mandab strait, has strategic importance. Socotra, with an area of some 3,600 sq.km. and a population of 80,000, is the largest and most interesting in the Yemeni islands . It is situated, together with some smaller islands, in the Arabian Sea, some 500 km from Mukalla city and 700 km from Aden.

4. Climate

Climate zones range from tropical on the coastal strip and subtropical in the western and eastern mountains, to moderate in the central mountains and basins. Sana’a in the central highlands; is generally dry and temperatures rarely exceed 30C in summer, while they may fall below zero on winter nights. In Aden/Hodeidah the mean daily temperature in summer is 36.6C.and in winter 28.6C, The summer monsoon brings rain that varies considerably from region to region. It permits rain-fed cultivation on the terraces which are part of a sophisticated water management system. In the south west (around Ibb), it rains from February to October and rainfall of up to 1,000 mm/year may be recorded. Other areas enjoy two rainy seasons, in March-April and July-August. Rainfall in Sana’a averages 250mm, decreasing towards the east to 50mm. Aden receives very little rainfall, on average 50mm per year.

5. Susceptibility to Natural Disasters

The tectonic process which formed the mountains of Yemen and caused immense volcanic activity from the beginning of the neozoic age (some 70 million years ago) continues even today. The Arabian plate which separated from the African continer to form the Red Sea still moves eastward a few centimeters each year. Today, there is no volcanic activity, but the “fires of Yemen” are remembered in history. Hot springs testify to fact that the earth has not completely settled yet. The severest earthquake of this century hit the Dhamar region in 1982, taking 2502 lives and affecting more than 265,000 people in 1072 villages and hamlets. The earliest recorded earthquake was in 742 AD in Sheba land. 25 earthquakes are believed to have occurred since the 8th century. The last earthquake, which measured 4.5 on the Richter scale, occurred in the Udayn region west of Ibb in November 1991, and killed 26 people. In February, 1993, Aden suffered major floods which killed 12 people and caused extensive damage to property and the city’s aging drainage and sewerage systems.

6. Airports

The main international airport is situated in the capital, Sana’a, and is currently served by a number of international airlines. There are also regional airports in Aden, Hodeidah, Taiz and Rayan. Plans are underway to improve the airport facilities in Sana'a as well as opening up international flights to Aden International airport.

 

Geographical & General Information

 

The Yemen is situated in the Southern end of the Arabian Peninsula bordered to the North by Saudi Arabia and to the east the Sultanate Of Oman. The Red Sea on its West coast and the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean on the South coast. The territory also incorporates the island of Socotra which is situated off the tip of the Horn of Africa. The total area of the Yemen is reported to be 555,000 sq.km excluding the Rub Al Khali. The country has a growing population current consensus of 21 million with the majority situated in the northern area.

The country is predominately Muslim with Arabic being the national language.

Time zone - GMT plus 3 hours

 

1. Work hours

  • Government offices work a single shift Saturday to Wednesday 0800 to 1500 hrs.

  • Private sector work two shifts

  • Saturday to Wednesday 0800 to 1200 hrs and 1600 to 1900 hrs

  • Thursday - 0800 to 1200 hrs

  • Friday - Weekend

2. Transportation

All inland transportation is byway of road transport via a net working of intercity highways. The highways and inner city road systems are constantly being upgraded with either improvements to existing road systems or new highways being constructed. Road transport is comparatively expensive and controlled by the transport unions.

 

3. Yemen LNG Project

In 1997, Hunt signed agreements with the government of Yemen and partner companies to develop the Yemen liquefied natural gas project. Natural gas reserves from Marib Block 18 and other fields located in the vicinity have been dedicated to the project, which will require approximately 1 billion cubic feet of gas per day to produce 6.7 million tones of LNG per annum. The existing gas production facilities in Marib Block 18 currently have a capacity of 3.2 billion cubic feet per day.

Hunt holds a 17.22 percent interest in Yemen LNG Company (YLNG), the company developing the project. YLNG is currently constructing a two-train natural gas liquefaction plant with a guaranteed capacity of 6.7 million tones per annum, plus associated pipelines, storage and port facilities.

In August 2005, the board of directors launched the project and YLNG signed three 20-year take-or-pay sale and purchase contracts with KOGAS, TGP and Suez, committing 100 percent of the guaranteed plant capacity. The LNG will be shipped to markets in the U.S. and Korea.

In September 2005, YLNG signed the plant and pipeline engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts. The main pipeline currently under construction is a 325- kilometer line running from the Marib Block 18 field to the plant located at Bal Haf. Construction of the plant started in 2005 and YLNG expects that Train 1 will be ready for start-up in December 2008.

 

4. Yemen Oil Production

Jannah Hunt Oil Company is the operator of Block 5 in Yemen and holds a 15 percent interest. Gross production averaged more than 45,500 barrels of oil production per day with cumulative oil production at year-end 2006 of 158 million barrels. Oil is exported to market from Block 5 via a pipeline to the Ras Isa Marine Terminal located on the Red Sea.

In 2007, three infill production wells at Dhahab field and two at Halewah field are approved for drilling. Currently, reservoir simulation studies are being completed on Halewah and Dhahab fields to evaluate additional drilling and compression requirements. Plans are also being finalized to complete the Al-Nasr field reservoir simulation study to evaluate additional drilling and facility requirements.